Surface and ground water in Palestine like many Middle East countries is very limited, so special 

interest should be given to develop the water resources and develop these resources in order to 

enhance the living of the Palestinians. 

There is a huge amounts  of water in Al-Qilt catchment (about 67000 m3/hr as apeak discharge 

according to our hydrological model) and this amount of water is discharged without any 

beneficial use except for the water that used for the water that used in Aqbat Jaber Refugee 

Camp after making some treatments using sand filtration. 

Both Palestinian Water Authority and Ministry of Agriculture are concerned about Al-Qilt 

catchment and there are few studies conducted to construct large projects for artificial recharge 

in Al-Qilt catchment, including dam construction and also pools for collecting water. These 

projects are used either to collect water in the winter season or use it when needed and also to 

improve the quality of water and reduce the salinity. 

In order to best use of integrated water resources management and to study the potentiality of 

artificial recharge in Al-Qilt catchment, a hydrological model was established, this HEC-HMS 

model is used for the best use of water resources in the catchment and it also study the 

metrological parameters especially the rainfall and evapotranspiration during the season. 

It is highly recommended to install more divers and instruments to measure the flood of the 

tributaries in the catchment in order to enhance the model simulation, even though the model 

shows very good results but optimization will occur if we have more stations and instruments to 

measure the flood