English

 

Name of the Student : Naser Abu Sharbak
Name of the supervisor/s :

Dr. Rashed Al – Sa’ed

Title of the thesis :

Development of Wastewater Treatment Tariff System A Case Study of Al–Bireh Wastewater Treatment Plant

Abstract :  

The wastewater treatment sector is becoming more essential than ever, because of rapid population growth, urbanization, and water shortage in a developing country like Palestine. Urban municipal facilities in Palestine are still few in number and most of them are unsustainable. The old existing treatment plants are overloaded and the erection of newly ones is severely hampered due to political situations.

To establish a wastewater treatment plant a fund of several millions of dollars is needed, so the project of wastewater treatment plant must be considered as an investment made by the local authority, and the charge that polluters pay for treatment is the revenue of this investment. Hence, in order to have a successful investment, the present value revenues for the duration of the project must cover the present value of all costs of the project in addition to a normal return.

The aim of this research is to develop a suitable tariff system for wastewater treatment taking the treatment plant of Al-Bireh city as a case of study.

The research was accomplished by data collection from Albireh municipality and the German Agency for Technical Cooperation (GTZ) in order to calculate the capital costs of Albireh wastewater treatment plant, and also data was taken from the treatment plant (e.g. daily septage flow rate in every month of the year, daily and weekly working hours for every unit of the plant, electrical power demand, spare parts needed, chemicals consumed etc..) in order to calculate the annual running costs of the treatment plant.

Data analysis of the results obtained for the year 20003 showed that the calculated annual operational expenditures were 428,580 US$; yielding an annual specific costs of 8.57 US$/PE or 0.25 $/m3 wastewater treated. Including the annual capital expenditure in the present tariff would lead to new actual annual capital and operational costs of about 835,430 US$. To achieve a sustainable wastewater treatment facility in management and operation the study suggests six main price categories to calculate the actual incurred wastewater tariff based on polluter pays principles and the tax-beneficiary economy principles.