English Description

Master Programs in Water and Environmental Engineering and Water and Environmental Sciences

The Institute of Environmental and Water Studies (IEWS) offers two Master’s programs: one in Water and Environmental Engineering (WEEN), which admits students with engineering backgrounds in fields specified below; and the second in Water and Environmental Sciences (WESC), which admits students with natural sciences or agricultural backgrounds.

The goal of the programs is to achieve the expectations and visions of many students in the fields of water and environmental engineering and sciences; to provide the Palestinian society with qualified staffs in these fields in order to play a crucial role in solving water and environmental issues, and to take part in planning, design, and implementation of water and environmental concerned projects and programs.

Admission Requirements

Applicants for the Water and Environmental Engineering program must have a bachelor’s degree in civil, chemical, or mechanical engineering. Applicants for the Water and Environmental Sciences program must have a bachelor’s degree in natural sciences (such as biology, chemistry, and earth and environment) or agriculture, geography, or any other directly related specialty as deemed suitable by the Institute Council.
The Institute Council may decide to conduct personal interviews with applicants in certain cases, and may specify remedial courses if needed.

Fields of specialization offered within the two programs

Water and Environmental Engineering (Students with engineering backgrounds are accepted in this program).

The program includes courses in environmental resource management, environmental impact assessment, planning systems for drinking water and wastewater treatment and design, water supply, design of infrastructure for sewerage systems, reuse of treated wastewater and sludge. In addition to that, it comprises the different environmental elements that include air, water and soil pollution, and adapting methods for limiting pollution.

Water and Environmental Sciences (Students with backgrounds in natural sciences or agriculture are accepted in this program).

This program includes interrelated subjects in the fields of environmental resources management; determining sources of water, air and soil pollution; and adapting methods for limiting such pollution; the control of environment and water quality; and the use of scientific analytical methods for the treatment of environmental pollution. In addition, it includes biological environmental processes and interrelated common scientific, economic, and legal water and environmental issues. This program also includes environmental impact assessment in the process of sustainable development, the study of wastewater and solid waste and their treatment.

Program requirements

Courses of Water and Environmental Engineering program

Students are required to complete 36 credit hours composed of the followings:

21 credit hours from the compulsory group of core courses

Course Number Course Title Prerequisite Course
WEEN 631 Urban Drainage and Sewerage Systems
WEEN 635 Wastewater Treatments and Wastewater Reuse
WEEN 638 Solid Wastes
WEEN 639 Environmental Impact Assessments
WEEN 718 Scientific Research Methods
WESC 720 Bioremediation
WESC 735 Water and Environmental Pollution
WEEN 734 Integrated Land and Water Management

Note: All students must pass WEEN 718 course within the first 15 credit hours registered in their programs.

Elective Courses: (9 credit hours from the following list)

Course Number Course Title Prerequisite Course
WEEN 630 Political Economy for Environmental Planners
WEEN 632 Water Distribution
WEEN 634 Environmental Processes
WEEN 636 Hydrology
WESC 637 Environmental information Technology
WESC 722 Statistical Methods in Water and Environmental Sciences
WEEN 731 Advanced Water and Wastewater Treatment WEEN 635
WEEN 732 Urban Planning and Environmental Management
WEEN 738 Special Topics

Track A or Track B: 6 credit hours either Thesis or two seminars.

Track Track Number Prerequisites
Track A: Thesis WEEN 860 The completion of at least 12 credit hours out of the requirements of the program
Track B: Two Seminars WEEN 830
WEEN 831

Courses of Water and Environmental Sciences and Technology

Students are required to complete 36 credit hours composed of the followings:

Compulsory courses (18 credit hours)

Course Number Course Title Prerequisite Course
WEEN 634 Environmental Processes
WEEN 635 Wastewater Treatment and Wastewater Reuse
WESC 720 Bioremediation
WESC 733 Soil- Plant -Water Relation
WESC 735 Water and Environment Pollution
WESC 737 Instrumental Analysis

Note: All students must pass WEEN 718 course within the first 15 credit hours registered in their programs

Elective Courses: 12 credit hours from the following list:

Course Number Course Title Prerequisite Course
WEEN 630 Political Economics for Environment Planners
WESC 633 Water Quality
WEEN 638 Solid Waste
WESC 637 Environmental Information Technology
WEEN 639 Environmental Impact Assessment
WESC 722 Statistical Methods in Water and Environmental Sciences
WESC 736 Environmental Monitoring
WEEN 734 Integrated Land and Water Management
UPLA 735 Geographic Information Systems (from the Master’s Program in Urban Planning and Design)
WEEN 738 Special Topics

Track A or Track B: 6 credit hours either Thesis or two seminars.

Track Track Number Prerequisites
Track A: Thesis WEEN 860 The completion of at least 12 credit hours out of the requirements of the program
Track B: Two Seminars WEEN 830
WEEN 831

Course Descriptions:

630 Political Economy for Environmental Planners

The impact of the political, administrative, regulatory, and economic development on the environmental policies, taking into account the social aspects, impact of Israeli practices on the Palestinian environment, the interrelationship between population growth and sustainability of natural resources, financial aspects of the infrastructure of water and sanitation systems, financial management of municipalities and local councils for water projects, water pricing, social and economic factors affecting the water resources, wastewater and health, financial analysis and feasibility study for water and sewage system projects, sensitivity analysis for financial investments.

631 Urban Drainage and Sewerage Systems

Quantities of stormwater and wastewater, characteristics of combined and separate systems for storm water and wastewater collection and drainage, planning of urban sewer systems, hdraulic design of sewers and open channels, execution of urban drainage systems, materials used in manufacturing sewers and manholes, operation and maintenance aspects, design project for a combined system or a separate system, design principles of wastewater and stormwater pumping stations, pumps` types, characteristics and applications, design project for wastewater or stormwater pumping station.

632 Water Distribution

Water needs, design of the lay-out of water transport and distribution systems; work of houses connections structures, Basics of the design the implementation division into phases, the use of computers in network design. Selection of pipes, valves, and water meters. Water pumping stations; types and characteristics of pumps and their applications, required power for the operation of pumping stations, operational and maintenance requirements of water supply networks; regular testing for water quality in pipelines, water hammer.

633 Water Quality

Natural, chemical, physical, and biological surface water constituents. Possible sources of surface water pollution. Air, rainfall, and soil quality; general review of water related diseases, control and reduction of these diseases by using sanitary engineering methods. In addition to that, this course include a set of chemical experiments about surface and ground water chemistry, measuring colors, acidic and basic, hardness of water, disinfection of water using chlorine, indication of organic and inorganic pollutants, use of advanced test methods for microbiological contanminants.

634 Environmental Processes

Types of microorganisms, growth, enzymatic activities, metabolic processes, and factors affecting these bio-processes, microbial role and activities in drinking water and wastewater treatment, importance of microorganisms in the geo-chemical cycle including carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, and sulphide, biofilms formation in water and sewer networks, impacts and abatement methods, self-purification and eutrophication processes in receiving water bodies, applications of mass balance for biological systems description with or without biosolids recirculation. Environmental microbiology lab sessions include wastewater microbiology; methods for microbial isolation and characterization, examine the efficiency of treatment units, determine design criteria for wastewater treatment systems.

635 Wastewater Treatment and Wastewater Reuse

Quantity and quality of wastewater and its characteristics, classification of pollutants, treatment stages, primary treatment, aerobic and anaerobic treatment processes. Removal of sludge, suspended solids, organic materials, and pathogenic organisms. The operation and maintenance of treatment plants, how to handle domestic, commercial and industrial wastewater, the use of treated wastewater in industry and in the injection of groundwater aquifers. A set of laboratory tests on bioprocesses including: Wastewater chemistry, chemical and physical parameters analysis of wastewater, demonstration lab tests on unit operations of water and wastewater treatment stages, like sedimentation, filtration, and aeration.

636 Hydrology

The hydrological cycle and its major elements, water balance, formation of rainwater, its characteristics and relation to climatic conditions. Precipitation measuring by monitoring networks, data assessment, surface water runoff, evaporation and evapotranspiration and the factors affecting them, measuring evaporation from soil and water surfaces, groundwater recharge, groundwater aquifers, interaction between groundwater and surface water and factors affecting that interaction.

637 Environmental Information Technology

Types of environmental information, its management, provision of reliance and accurate environmental information and measurable in an optimal manner, environmental information system, computer and programs use for the study of different environmental models, predicting disasters or probable environmental changes, application of GIS for environmental monitoring.

638 Solid Waste

Types and components of solid wastes, collection and transport, treatment and disposal methods of solid wastes, study and design of bio-treatment methods as compost systems, application of cleaner production and waste minimization through integrated solid waste management including recycling and reuse, elements design of municipal landfills and other treatment systems as incineration, and temporal storage of hazardous waste, managerial aspects and socio-cultural and economical issues of various solid waste types, economical comparison and analysis of various technologies for solids waste treatment, technical field visits for some local landfill sites, rural composting and recycling facilities aiming at composting site erection and lab monitoring of the composting processes.

639 Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)

Environmental degradation and resulting environmental impacts, environmental legislations and systems, phases of environmental impact assessment, advantages and disadvantages of environmental impact assessment studies, resources needed for environmental assessment, types of environmental impacts, methods of measuring and analyzing the impacts, instruments of environmental assessment, technical requirements, preparation of EIA report, evaluation of EIA report, its revision and decision making process, monitoring and environmental auditing during project implementation, EIA case studies for different projects.

718 Research Methods

Study of research approaches and planning in the field of water and environment science and engineering. Data collection and analysis. Training on research correction. Styles of thesis and scientific reports writing, recognizing the potential offered by the computer and the Internet as sources of information.

720 Bioremediation

Use of living organisms and plants to remediate and rehabilitate organic- and inorganic- polluted sites, bio-augmentation of microorganisms; factors affecting bioremediation and its success, adequate remediation technologies and evaluation of thei efficiency. The course discusses bioremediation of controlled and uncontrolled waste dump sites, Planning and design of suitable biotechnologies to remediate polluted surface and groundwater and soil. Finally, the course discusses issues related to the financial and cost-effectiveness of bioremediation tools and economical costs of possible health and environmental impacts from polluted sites.

722 Statistical Methods in Environmental Sciences

Probability and Statistical distribution, modeling, designing experiments in water and environmental fields. Collection of environmental data and statistics. Quality of standards used for data collection and sources. Data analysis for experiments. Analysis of multi-factor experiments. ANOVA tests, simple and multi correlation, use of software packages in the field of statistical analysis.

731 Advanced Treatment of Water and Wastewater

Design methods of biological water and wastewater treatment units. Design and unit process calculations of secondary and advanced treatment processes with the emphases on nitrogen and phosphorus removal, aerobic treatment units like activated sludge systems. Tools for process operation and monitoring. Detailed design exercise for a wastewater treatment plant with technical and economic analysis presented in a comprehensive technical report. Characteristics of surface water and groundwater, drinking water water quality standards, Detailed design exercise for a drinking water treatment plant. Treatment methods and disposal of biosolids/chemical sludge produced from wastewater and water treatment plants. Prerequisite (WEEN 635).

732 Urban Planning and Environmental Management

Relation between urban planning and environmental management through analyzing and applying methods for environmental sustainability and protection from pollutants. Environmental planning for the urban and rural infrastructure. Strategies and policies of environmental planning and sustainability principals in Palestine and neighboring countries explained by examples about sustainable environmental planning. Optimal utilization of the environmental resources (water, air, soil, Trees, minerals) without jeopardizing the environmental system in one hand, and the environmental indicators to protect the resources on the other hand, or reaching a compromise to sustainable environment.

733 Soil–Plant–Water Relation

Relationships between soil and water and their physic-chemical characteristics with plant growth and development. Water cycle in the soil and soil capacity to hold water, required plant nutrition elements, evaporation, transpiration, and evapo-transpiration. Soil role for water storage on the interface between aquifer and surrounding atmosphre. Methods water preservation in the soil minimizing water evaporation from the soil surface and transpiration from plants, plant response to water scarcity and the corresponding effects on nutrients availability, salinity effects, and heavy metal pollution on soil properties and plant growth. Use of plants for the treatment of wastewater, biosolids and polluted soil sites measurement tools of water content in soils and plants.

734 Integrated Land and Water Management

Definition and objectives of integrated land and water resources management, erosion, desertification and evaluation of soil and water resources, water resources assessment, water demands, water resource management plans, water demand management and modeling of plant water demand, water supply management, ideal use of the agricultural areas, decision-making on a multi-target level the management of water resources and agricultural land, Legislation related to land use and water, examples on sustainable use of soil and water, carry out a small pilot-scale of a rural agricultural model to explore an optimal use of agricultural land taking into account the water conservation for tributaries of and along the flow course of a given water source.

735 Water and Environmental Pollution

Nature, types and sources of different water and environment pollutants. Impact of pollutants on public health, soil, aquatic environment and microorganisms. Guidelines and standards of water and environment quality. Chemical technologies and applied biotechnologies for pollution abatement of water and air. Fate of toxic pollutants in the atmosphere, and aquatic environment. Liquid and gaseous industrial organic and inorganic pollutants. Environmental management systems and tools applied for pollution reduction of water and environmental. Global environmental phenomenon as acid rain and ozone layer and its depletion.

736 Environmental Monitoring

Types and significance of programs for environmental pollution control, monitoring and assessment of statistical data programs, criteria selection for synergy evaluation within various environmental system elements, evaluation methods and environmental analysis, usage of basic scientific principles to ensure unity of environment system elements, monitoring of pollution values resulting from water and wastewater treatment using chemical methods, measure the current pollution values in environmental elements including water, air, soil and forestry, developing strategies for forecasting environmental situations and pollution hazards, study and analyze of likely possible negative impacts from environmental pollution incidents.

737 Instrumental Analysis

Principles and applications of selected chemical and instrumental methods for water, wastewater, biosolids and gas analysis; basic methods of calculation and sampling; gravimetry (precipitation and separation techniques),common wet chemical methods used in environmental laboratories; titrimetry; basic theoretical principles and practical methods of instrumental analysis such as: electrochemical methods including ion selective electrodes, potentiometry, coulometry and voltammetry; Spectro-chemical methods including classical& flame atomic absorption, induced coupled plasma. Chromatographic methods including ion chromatography. gas chromatography and high performance liquid chromatography, Methods of quality control as applied to physical and chemical processes involved in water treatment. The course includes a laboratory section.

738 Special Topics

Investigate and understand advanced topics in water and environmental engineering sciences; it will be offered based on the needs and availablilty of staff members.

830 Seminar

Advanced study of a topic that will be selected in one of the fields offered by the programs and depending on the requirements of students. The student can search in a subject on individual basis or as a group. The student should write a substantial research paper. The results of the research seminar will be presented in an open discussion that will be evaluated by a group of specialized staff in the subject.

831 Seminar

Advanced study of a subject that could be different or a continuation of that selected for 830 Research Seminar 1, will be selected in one of the fields offered by the program, depending on the requirements of students. The student can search in a subject on individual basis or as a group. The student should write a substantial research paper, and the results of the research seminar will be presented in an open discussion that will be evaluated by a group of specialized staff in the subject.

860 Thesis

Finishing a scientific research in the area of specialization according to the thesis requirements.