Name of the Student : Bassam Sawalhi
Name of the supervisor/s :

Dr. Ziad Mimi

Title of the thesis :

multi- criteria decision model for the quantification of the shared water pesources based on the international water law (the Palestine case)

Abstract :  

The political border between the Palestine and the Israelis makes the water issue more sensitive and cirtical. The Palestinian shared the Israelis in the western and northeastern basins. The Jordan river basin is also shared between Palestine, Israel, Syria, Lebanon, and Jordan. Once of the convenient and comprehensive procedures to solve the shared water resources conflicts is the international water law.

The main objective of this thesis is to define a multi-criteria decision model to quantify the shared water resources and apply the model to the Palestinian case to divide the shared Jordan river and groundwater basins between riparian.

In the study a multi-criteria decision model was developed to quantify the Palestinian and other riparian water rights in the shared water resources according to the international water law. The international water law was translated to ten measurable standards. The can equity standards were operationalized and a multi criteria model was developed for the calculation of the water proportion for any county. The model can be applied for any dispute in shared water resources the number of countries and the number of standards, the model is as follows:



  • Sj is the final share of the jth country.
  • Wi is the weight percentage of the ith factor.
  • Sij is the percentage share of the ith factor for the jth country.
  • I= 1,2,………, k where k = number of factor.
  • J = 1,2,…….., n where n = number of countries.

The above-mentioned model which based on the international water law principles was applied to the Palestinian-israel water conflict. The study concluded that the Palestinian water right in the Jordan river basin is 238.7 million cubic meters per year. The Palestinian water proportion in the western basin and the northeastern basin are 151.2 and 71.2 million cubic meters per year respectively. The total annual available water quantity in the west bank including the eastern basin is 561 million cubic meters. The Palestinian future water demand in the year 2030 will be 632.2 million cubic meters. The Palestinian water budget shoes a water deficit in the year 2030 by the amount of 71.2 million cubic meters, which means that other water options should be ready to cover the water deficit before it starts.

The study used the results of the CDM/Morganti, 1997 report to put in order all the possible water options to cover the water deficit in the west bank. The short term five water options were ordered as follows: 1 – Groundwater, 2 – Supply system importance, 3 – Water conservation, 4 – Surface water, 5 – Watershed groundwater management. These options can be implemented immediately, the long term water options were ordered as follows: 1 – Waste water reuse, 2 – Desalination, 3 – Water purchase from Israel, 4 – Medusa bags, 5 – Water exchange between Syria, Jordan, Israel, and Palestine.