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Abstract              

 Natuf drainage basin is considered one of the most important recharge areas for the Western Aquifer Basin (WAB), which is a historical and civilizational site where Natufian civilization was created and man practiced the agricultural activities for the first time. This study was conducted in the summer 2017 where 12 samples of spring water were collected and analyzed to examine the quality of these springs. This study aims to determine the types of pollutants and their sources in addition to evaluating the socio-economic environmental impact on water utilization from local people. The pH values for all samples vary from 6.8 7.1 with a temperature mean 22.9Co. The electrical conductivity and total dissolved solids where in the range between 650-1120 µS/cm and 294-642 mg/L, respectively, the cations and anaions were within the WHO guidelines. For biological parameters F.C and T.C. It’s resulted that 7 samples out of 12 were contaminated of fecal coliform which suggest the different human activities affect the quality of spring water. Tow samples of Ein Arik Al-tehta and Al-zarkaBeitillu have total organic carbon. The study shows that most of water samples have a water type of Mg- Ca- HCO3.   

50 questionnaires were distributed to the farmers and springs owners in order to study the impact of socio-economic and environmental of spring water utilization. The study shows that 90% of local people using the springs for agricultural purposes. The chemical analysis of water samples are free from industrial pollutants, this refers to the fact that 84% of them are located away from the dumpsites. The existence of water network as well as the absence of the roll of the official authority contributes to the reduction of people’s dependence on spring water. The study shows that agriculture is not a basic source of income because agriculture is used for domestic benefits and not for a commercial target. The existence of Israeli settlements near the agricultural lands and springs have an indirect impact on polluting the springs because there is an apparent lack of studies and statics that show the amount of wastewater and solid waste that are produced from settlements.